Il Terroir di Bolgheri

What is Bolgheri?

Bolgheri is a small medieval village in the comune of Castagneto Carducci on Central Coast Tuscany where is still alive the peasant culture typical of the old Maremma time. It is located at mid hills (like most coastal villages to avoid the mosquitoes which infested the swampy areas on the plains) at the end of a 5 km long road lined with more than 2000 centenary cipresses that links the hills to the sea, made famous by the poetry of Giosuè Carducci, a native son and a Nobel laureate of Litterature.

What is the Bolgheri Appellation?

The Bolgheri Appellation is created recently in 1994 on the wake of the success of the world famous wine Sassicaia, made with Cabernet Sauvignon e Cabernet Franc from original vineyards planted in 1944 by the Marchese Mario Incisa della Rocchetta (owner of the world famous race horse Ribot) from cuttings given by his friend the Baron Mouton Rothschild (also a horse lover) of Bordeaux. The Sassicaia was commercialized for the first time in 1968, and in fact, as a generic table wine won over Mouton Rothschild in a sensazional blind tasting organized by Wine Spectator in the 70's. It has proven unfounded the old Tuscan pregiudice that good wine cannot be made near the sea. In fact excellent wines can be made in coastal Tuscany, but with Cabernet and not with Sangiovese, the traditional Tuscan varietal because Sangiovese gives good results only in hot and dry climate prevailing in the Tuscan hills like Chianti and Montalcino.

It took some time to realize the true impact of the ingenious intuitions of Marchese Incisa with his Sassicaia: namely, Cabernet grapes in Bolgheri can give truly great wines of character that are profoundly linked to the soil and climate of the territory where they come from, not wines of standard international style, but wines which offer that original elegance marked by a unique Mediterranean expression which distinguish them from their Atlantic cousins in Bordeaux. Today, even though they are generally considered as "internazional" varietals, the 2 Cabernet are officially recognized and required as typical local varietals of Bolgheri Appellation, a revolution in the history of Italian viticulture.

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